George Bernard Shaw was born in 1856 at 33 Synge Street, Dublin. His place of birth is now a museum in his honour.
His novels include Immaturity (composed and serialized, 1879, published 1931, cf below); The Irrational Knot (serialized in Our Corner between April, 1885, and February, 1887.cf below); Love Among the Artists (serialized, 1887-1888, cf below); Cashel Byron’s Profession (London, The Modern Press, 1886); An Unsocial Socialist (London, Swan Sonnenschein, Lowrey & Co., 1887); Love Among the Artists (Chicago, Herbert S. Stone and Company, 1900, UK, 1914)The Irrational Knot, Being the Second Novel of his Nonage (revised, New York, Brentano’s, 1905); andImmaturity (London, Constable, 1931]. This was the first of what became 37 volumes of Shaw’s works issued by Constable, 1931 and 1951 as the Standard Edition of the Works of Bernard Shaw; and An Unfinished Novel,edited, with Introduction by Stanley Weintraub (London, Constable /New York, Dodd, Mead, 1958).
His plays include Widowers’ Houses. A Comedy, First Acted at the Independent Theatre in London. (London, Henry and Co., 1893;Plays Pleasant and Unpleasant, including the Pleasant Plays Arms and the Man, Candida, The Man of Destiny and You Never Can Tell, and the Unpleasant Widowers’ Houses, The Philanderer, and Mrs Warren’s Profession (London, Grant Richards, 1898); Three Plays for Puritans: The Devil’s Disciple, Caesar and Cleopatra, & Captain Brassbound’s Conversion (London, Grant Richards, 1901); Mrs. Warren’s Profession: A Play in Four Acts (Grant Richards, 1902); Man and Superman. A Comedy and a Philosophy (London, Archibald Constable & Co., Ltd., 1903); John Bull’s Other Island, Major Barbara, How He Lied to Her Husband (London, Archibald Constable & Co., 1907);Passion, Poison, and Petrifaction; or The Fatal Gazogene (Harry Furniss’s Christmas Annual, 1905/London, Anthony Treherne, 1905); Press Cuttings: a Topical Sketch compiled from the editorial and correspondence columns of the Daily Papers. A Play (Archibald Constable & Co., 1909); Androcles and the Lion. A Fable Play performed St James’s Theatre, London, on August 28, 1913 (Constable and Company, 1913); Pygmalion: A Romance in Five Acts, first London production at His Majesty’s Theatre, April 11, 1914; first American production in English at the Park Theatre in New York, October 12, 1914. A German translation by Siegfried Trebitsch first performance at the Deutsches Theatre in New York, March 24, 1914.(Constable and Company Ltd., 1914);The Inca of Perusalem. An Almost Historical Comedietta. By a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature.(Constable and Company Ltd., 1915); Heartbreak House, Great Catherine, and Playlets of the War (New York, Brentano’s, 1919);Heartbreak House was first produced by the Theatre Guild at the Garrick Theatre in New York, November 10, 1920);Fanny’s First Play (Leipzig, Tauchnitz, 1921);Saint Joan: a Chronicle Play in Six Scenes and an Epilogue,first produced by the Theatre Guild at the Garrick Theatre, New York, beginning on December 28, 1923 (Constable and Company Ltd., 1924);The Plays of Bernard Shaw: Pocket Edition (Constable, 1926); The Complete Plays of Bernard Shaw (Constable, 1931); Geneva: A Fancied Page of History in Three Acts (London, Constable, 1939); and Why She Would Not: A Little Comedy (London Magazine, August, 1956).
His other works include The Intelligent Woman’s Guide to Socialism and Capitalism (Constable, 1928); The Adventures of the Black Girl In Her Search For God (London, Constable, 1932); Buoyant Billions: A Comedy of No Manners In Prose (Constable, 1949); Everybody’s Political What’s What (Constable, 1944); In Good King Charles’s Golden Days: A History Lesson (Constable, 1939); Prefaces by Bernard Shaw (Constable, 1934); Short Stories, Scraps and Shavings (Constable, 1934); Translations and Tomfooleries (Constable, 1926); The Unprotected Child and the Law (The Six Point Group, [n.d., c.1923]); The Apple Cart: A Political Extravaganza (Constable, 1930); Bernard Shaw’s Rhyming Guide to Ayot Saint Lawrence (Luton, Leagrave Press, 1950); and The Matter with Ireland edited by David H. Greene and Dan H. Laurence (London, Rupert Hart-Davis, 1962).
Shaw received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1925 after the success of his play Saint Joan, and the Academy Award for Best Screenplay for Pygmalion in 1938, later made into the musical My Fair Lady (1956). He left a third of his royalties to the National Gallery of Ireland where a statue of him stands today.
George Bernard Shaw died while pruning an apple tree at Ayot St. Lawrence, Hertfordshire, England, on November 2, 1950.
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